What Is The Meaning Of Minority Rights?

What are the rights of minorities in India?

Article 30 of the Indian Constitution states that, “(1) All minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice..

What is tyranny of minority?

Minority and tyranny characterized: a coherent subset of voters with some collective action; a central decision; the subsidiarity principle can be used by minority group decision.

What is considered a majority?

In parliamentary procedure, the term “majority” simply means “more than half.” As it relates to a vote, a majority vote is more than half of the votes cast. Abstentions or blanks are excluded in calculating a majority vote. … In this context, a majority vote is more “yes” votes than “no” votes.

Who is called minority in India?

Minority communities in India includes Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Parsis and Jains. The scholarship is awarded to the students by India Government through State Government/UTs.

What is majority rule and minority rights?

Minority rights Because a majority can win a vote under majority rule, it has been commonly argued that majority rule can lead to a tyranny of the majority. … Inalienable rights, including who can vote, which cannot be transgressed by a majority, can be decided beforehand as a separate act, by charter or constitution.

What is it called when the minority rules the majority?

Minoritarianism is sometimes used to describe rule by a dominant minority such as an ethnic group delineated by religion, language or some other identifying factor.

Why do we need to protect minorities?

Central to the rights of minorities are the promotion and protection of their identity. Promoting and protecting their identity prevents forced assimilation and the loss of cultures, religions and languages—the basis of the richness of the world and therefore part of its heritage.

What is Article 30 A?

Constitutional Provision Home » Constitutional Provision » Constitutional Provision. Article 30. Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions. 1. All minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.

What are some examples of minority rights?

Minority rights are individual and collective rights through which people belonging to national minority groups are entitled to enjoy their own culture, to use their own language, to profess and practice their own religion, to have the right to freedom of expression and assembly, to have equal opportunities to …

What is the definition of minority?

Minority, a culturally, ethnically, or racially distinct group that coexists with but is subordinate to a more dominant group. … As the term is used in the social sciences, this subordinacy is the chief defining characteristic of a minority group.

Where do minority rights come from?

Minority rights derive from basic international law on human rights, as well as specific treaties and declarations on minority rights, notably the UN Declaration on the Rights of All Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Linguistic and Religious Minorities (UNDM).

Who is minority according to UN?

According to a definition offered in 1977 by Francesco Capotorti, Special Rapporteur of the United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, a minority is: A group numerically inferior to the rest of the population of a State, in a non-dominant position, whose members – being …